Renting part of your main home or renting a second home can put more money in your pocket. Becoming a landlord may move you to a higher tax bracket, but you may also be eligible for certain tax breaks that lower your taxable income. You may be able to deduct some expenses that are normally nondeductible, lowering your taxable income even lower.
Renting a second home means you must report rental income on your return. This includes any advance rental income, where the tenant pays ahead for any month in the next year. Rental income also includes money a tenant pays you to cancel a lease early.
You are able to deduct certain rental expenses, including:
Note that some of these, like cleaning, insurance and utilities, are not normally deductible for homeowners.
If you rent part of your main home, you must claim any rental income. As with renting a second home, rental income includes any amount a tenant pays you.
However, deducting expenses for partially renting your home can be a bit trickier. You must split any expenses – mortgage interest, mortgage insurance premiums, and real estate taxes – between the rented portion of your home and the unrented part.
You can also deduct expenses that are normally not deductible, like electricity and qualified home improvement projects. If you pay liability insurance, you may deduct the entire cost because it qualifies as a rental expense.
If you're reporting rental income and claiming deductible rental expenses on your Tax Office & Associates™ return, fill out the Schedule E screen. If you have more than one property, create a screen for each.
Also see Tax Breaks for Vacation Homes